JUDY WOODRUFF: President Trump’s declaration
of a national emergency has generated new backlash on this President’s Day. Activists staged scattered protests today
outside the White House and from coast to coast. They opposed taking executive action over
the heads of Congress to find more money to build a border wall. Several groups and states say they plan to
challenge the declaration in court. The president today blasted Andrew McCabe. He’s the former deputy FBI director. On Twitter, Mr. Trump said of McCabe: “He
was fired for lying, and now his story gets even more deranged.” McCabe had told CBS’ “60 Minutes” that firing
FBI Director James Comey may have been a criminal act to block the Russia investigation. He also said again that current Deputy Attorney
General Rod Rosenstein talked of trying to remove the president from office in early
2017. Rosenstein has denied that. President Trump today accused both men of
treasonous acts. The North Carolina state elections director
testified today that a Republican political operative led an illegal ballot-collecting
operation on behalf of a congressional candidate in 2018. That came during the first day of a hearing
into whether Leslie McCrae Dowless Jr. tampered with absentee ballots in the state’s 9th Congressional
District. Republican Mark Harris holds a slim lead over
Democrat Dan McCready, but the race has not been certified. President Trump today called on Venezuela’s
President Nicolas Maduro to step down in a peaceful transition of power, but he acknowledged
that all options are on the table. He also called for Maduro to allow blocked
shipments of U.S. humanitarian aid into the country. Mr. Trump spoke in Miami, home to the largest
Venezuelan community in the U.S., and gave this warning to Maduro’s supporters: DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:
I have a message for every official who is helping to keep Maduro in place. The eyes of the entire world are upon you
today, every day and every day in the future. You cannot hide from the choice that now confronts
you. JUDY WOODRUFF: We will have an interview with
Venezuela’s opposition leader, Juan Guaido, after the news summary. In Haiti, government offices and businesses
began reopening after more than a week of violent anti-government protests. That comes as Haitian newspapers reported
the overnight arrests of heavily armed foreign nationals, including some U.S. citizens. Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators have
taken to the streets since February 7 to demand the resignation of the country’s president,
Jovenel Moise. There is word of rising cyber-attacks against
U.S. companies and agencies. The New York Times reports that Chinese and
Iranian hackers are retaliating for the U.S. imposing tariffs and new sanctions. Meanwhile, Australia’s prime minister today
blamed what he called a sophisticated state actor for hacking Parliament’s computing network. He didn’t name the nation. More than 300 Islamic State fighters are refusing
to surrender in their last tiny bit of territory in Eastern Syria. Activists said today the militants are trying
to negotiate safe passage to a rebel-held area in Northwestern Syria. The ISIS fighters are holding hundreds of
civilians as shields against a final assault by U.S.-backed Kurdish forces. In Yemen, warring parties have agreed to begin
withdrawing forces from the vital port city of Hodeidah. Sitting on the Red Sea, it is the main entry
point for humanitarian aid and a lifeline for millions of Yemenis who are facing starvation. The United Nations says the Saudi-backed government
and the rebels, aligned with Iran, agreed Sunday on a mutual pullback. And the sailor in an iconic image from the
end of World War II has died. George Mendonsa passed away Sunday in Middletown,
Rhode Island. The famous photo captured Mendonsa randomly
grabbing and Greta Zimmer Friedman in New York’s Times Square on the day Japan surrendered. Upon his death, George Mendonsa, married to
another woman for 70 years, was just two days short of turning 96 years old. And, by the way, Greta Zimmer Friedman died
in 2016 at the age of 92. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: a conversation
with Venezuela’s opposition leader, Juan Guaido; the effect of the latest government shutdown
on the future of public service; a look at the historical trend of presidential powers;
and much more.